Export literally means the transfer or delivery of goods from one place to another within the country or from inside to abroad. In this description, by the export of goods, the egress of goods from the country is intended
It refers to any natural or legal person who has a business card or license of the Ministry of Commerce and attempts to export goods.
Export is divided into two categories in terms of the egress of goods from the country:
1. The definitive export
2. The temporary export (temporary egress)
The definitive export
Delivering goods abroad for sale or use in foreign countries is regarded as definitive exports which is exempt from payment of customs duties and commercial benefit duties and taxes, but is subject to customs fees. Customs fees include loading and unloading, warehousing, testing and tariff, escorting goods and great services the amount and receiving conditions are determined with the approval of the Cabinet of Ministers.
Formalities relating to the export of goods:
A) To export the good, owner of the good or his legal representative must provide documents that had already been prepared to present to the Customs.
These documents include:
• Warehouse receipt (in cases the good is delivered to the Customs facilities)
• Original and copy of the business card (except in exceptional cases which are predicted according to the import and export regulations)
• Permission on issuing for conditional legal goods (where applicable)
• Presenting Health Certificate (where applicable for exporting vegetable products)
• Presenting a standard certificate (where applicable for items of export that are required to comply with the announced mandatory standards)
• Pricing export commodity (by the Rating Commission of export commodity which is established in the area of the Export Promotion Center)
• Setting for baling (where applicable – it is not required regarding the uniform goods)
• Original and copy of power of attorney (in cases where declaration of the good to the Customs is done by a person other than the good owner)
• Official letter of introduction set to introduce the representative (where applicable)
• Other documents that may be deemed necessary to the advice of the Customs to be provided by the owner of the goods in exceptional cases. (E.g., the result of testing the goods where necessary)
B) To drawn up the export declaration or out-sent cargo which are provided for customs with this purpose
Customs declaration is adjusted by the cargo owner or his legal representative and the required information of the customs on the following items should be reflected in it:
The specifications of cargo exporter and supplier
• The specifications of exporter's representative
• The specifications of goods receiver at destination
• The specifications of buyer (where other than the recipient)
• Number, date, and specifications of the issued permit and other certificates provided if necessary
• Country of origin (place of manufacturing or producing goods )
• Destination country of the vehicle or the destination of the vehicle
• The final destination
• Terms of the transaction and the payment and delivery of goods
• Loading location
• Customs of export formalities location
• Specifications of the cargo (type, size, number of packages, the weight of the cargo with container, labels and numbers)
• Specifications of the goods (tariffs, product, or the amount or the number of the goods, net weight, the export value of goods)
• Calculating and inserting customs fees (warehousing, freight, lead seal, lacquer seal (
Temporary export (temporary exit(
Goods which are temporarily send out of the country for repair, completion, or participation in foreign exhibitions and then they are returned are called temporary export. Temporary export includes the following three sections.
Part I: Iranian goods which are temporarily send out of the country for repair, completion, or participation in foreign exhibitions and then they are returned, providing that the cargo's tariffs do not change. Goods subject to this part are those whose definitive export are allowed and can be exported by observing the provisions on adjusting declarations and certification and permission to be repaired or participated in the exhibition with the deposit.
If the cargo is of the prohibited or unauthorized or conditional type, it can be temporarily exported after obtaining export permits and Iran's customs permission.
In the case of the product temporary withdrawal which is offered to the customs in order for the goods to be repaired or completed abroad, The product owners should draw up and submit temporary exit declarations in duplicate to the customs and if they need to provide the deposit (regarding the type of goods), deposit will be obtained as much as the value of the cargo and then the cargo will be assessed. After assessment, there, on the respective product, will be attached the customs seal or any other label which can be identifiable at the time of return and temporary export permits will be issued. In the permit, the term indicating the period during which the product should be returned after the expiry of the permit should be mentioned. Then, it will be at the disposal of the goods owner to export it.
Extension of temporary export permit period
If the purpose of the product owner for the temporary export (temporary withdrawal) is not done in the period of the permit validity, he can request for an extension from the customs issuing the permit. The customs issuing the permit can extend it for three months. Moreover, the permit extension should be done with agreement of the Customs Export Office in Iran.
Part II: Vehicles such as locomotives, wagons, planes, and even ships belonging to Iran, which are regularly moving in routs between Iran and foreign countries are under a temporary export.
These vehicles are exempt from submitting temporary export declaration and foreign currency deposit. They are only obliged to provide a brief statement or to submit a copy of the manifesto in each travel. With regard to non-engine vehicles and even livestock and other vehicles in general as well as personal vehicles, exit permits and temporary declarations should be issued. Their temporary export permit is valid for one year and the vehicle can frequently commute during this period. During this period, the frequency of enters and exits will be recorded indicating the date of the permit by the boarder customs. Issuing the temporary exit permit for non-engine/ engine vehicles is subject to the submission of the identification certificate issued by the Police Force.
Part III: Livestock which are temporarily leave the country for feeding are included in temporary exports and they are exempt from the payment of customs duties and commercial benefit and charges at the time of their arrival to the country.
The children of the animals born during the feeding period shall also be exempt from such charges when they return. Exit and return formalities for these livestock are subject to the procedural rules on feeding livestock approved by the Council of Ministers.
Types of exports
Exports are divided into three groups:
2 . Conditional
Authorized goods: Goods whose exportation does not require permission, if comply with the issuing criteria. Considering the security policies of export, the export of certain goods will be done if they are observed, like standard certification.
Conditional goods: Goods whose exportation is possible with permission.
Prohibited goods: Goods whose exportation is prohibited under Islamic law for the credibility of purchase, sale, or consumption (such as alcohol and gambling instruments) or under the law (such as cultural heritage objects and antiques). The government can also prohibit the export of certain goods consistent with the relevant laws and according to the needs and particular conditions of time.
Export of books, periodicals, videos, tapes, paintings, and other works of art
The export of books and periodicals, and films whose issuance is not prohibited in the country is allowed. The export of paintings and other cultural works will be allowed with the permission of the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.
Export of goods to participate in foreign exhibitions
Goods which are exported to a foreign exhibition with the approval of Iran Export Promotion Center can be sent out of the country without charge cards and certification in compliance with other regulations.
Export of product samples
Export of product samples, whether manufactured inside or outside the country as commercial samples for testing, analysis, or repair is permitted without providing charge cards and certification, if it is not of commercial or legal volume or of the antique type.